Tuesday, September 6, 2011

Cream Facial Cleanser

This skin cleanser adapted from Cosmetics and Toiletries purifies the skin without the heavy feel. This cream is recommended as a make-up remover.

Ingredients:                                          Percent Weight:

Phase A
Potassium myristoyl glutamate                 15.00

Propylene glycol                                     38.30 

Dipropylene glycol                                    4.00

Lauric acid                                              0.50

Glyceryl stearate SE                                 0.40

Phase B

Sodium cocoyl alaninate, 30%                  16.70

Distilled water                                          q.s.

Polyquaternium-39                                  0.40

Phase C

Fragrance                                                 q.s.

Phase D
Citric acid                                                 q.s.


In a clean bowl, mix all ingredients of phase A. Then heat to 80°C and add ingredients of phase B. Stir until dissolved. Follow with phase D until desired pH level is reached. Stir and cool to 45°C. Add phase C and stir until batch is creamy and temperature drops to 28°C. Pour into sterilized jars.

Reference: http://www.cosmeticsandtoiletries.com/formulating/category/skincare/10746576.html

Thursday, July 21, 2011

After Sport Massage Lotion

This non-greasy balm is your perfect companion after hitting the gym or an intense play-off. It’s very easy to apply, without feeling the “wetness” associated with other lotions. Dipropylene glycol is used in this recipe as a solvent for methyldibromoglutaronitrile, a preservative.

Ingredients:                                      Weight (%):

Phase A

Caprylic/capric triglyceride                          5%

Octyldodecanol                                         4%

Isopropyl myristate                               0.67%

Soybean (Glycine max) oil                      0.67%

Arnica (Arnica montana) extract              0.67%

Phase B

Bentone Gel® EUG V                                 3%

Guar gum                                             0.30%

Phase C

Deionized water                                   82.15%

Propylene glycol                                         3%

Phase D

Triethanolamine 99%                              0.15% 

Phase E

Methyldibromoglutaronitrile                      0.10%

Dipropylene glycol                                   0.10%

Perfume oil blend                                    0.20%


Mix ingredients of phase A in a clean bowl. Add Bentone Gel ® EUG V and guar gum. Heat mixture to 45°C. In a separate bowl, mix all phase C ingredients. Add triethanolamine and heat to the same temperature. Afterwards, blend mixtures of both oil and aqueous phases while maintaining the same temperature. Continue stirring mixture until even. Remove from heat. Disperse methyldibromoglutaronitrile in dipropylene glycol. When mixture cools to 30°C, add the dispersed preservative and perfume oil. Mix until cream is smooth. Pour into sterilized jars.


Flick, Ernest W. Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, Volume 8. Burlington: Elsevier, 2007. Print.

Tuesday, June 7, 2011

Collagen Cream Recipe

Collagen creams are very popular nowadays, particularly for the fairer sex, as our skin is constantly battered by everyday stresses and urban pollution. These creams delay the aging process through collagen production and repair damaged skin caused by acne or laser hair removal.

This recipe from the Bulk Actives site is adapted from the formulation of Carol Demas, the author of Make Your Own Effective Cosmetic Treatments and Sunscreens. Its main ingredient is hyaluronic acid, an anionic, nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan that reduces fine lines and wrinkles while brightens
skin complexion. Hyaluronic acid is coupled with ferulic acid, which is an antioxidant and offers broad spectrum sun protection. For ferulic acid to be dissolved easily, fragrance grade dipropylene glycol is included as a solvent. Dipropylene glycol also benefits the recipe for its emollient property. Vitamins to nourish the skin are also added like ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) and tocopherol (Vitamin B). This recipe is specifically formulated for sensitive skin types.


Phase A                          Weight (in %)                For 100 gm./3.6 oz

Distilled water or 1%        58.6%                           17.63 ml.
hyaluronic acid solution

L-ascorbic acid                     5%                              1.5 gm.

Phase B

Dipropylene glycol            16.6%                                  5 ml.

Ferulic acid                       0.8%                             0.25 gm.

Phase C

Glycerin (99.5)/                16.6%                                  5 ml.
sorbitol (70%)
Lecithin                             0.8%                             0.25 ml.

Polysorbate 80                   0.2%                             0.06 ml.

Optiphen Plus                                                         0.01 ml.

400 IU tocopherol               1.2%                           0.366 gm.


Dissolve L-ascorbic acid in water or hyaluronic acid in a sterilized beaker. In a separate beaker, mix dipropylene glycol and ferulic acid. Stir phase B mixture over low heat using a double boiler. Mix lycerin, lecithin, polysorbate 80, and Optiphen Plus in another sterilized beaker. Then combine the ixtures of phases A, B, and C. Mix tocopherol while constantly stirring until completely dissolved. Pour into jars.



Monday, June 6, 2011

Fragrance Oil Base with Dipropylene Glycol

Dipropylene glycol is a popular solvent and carrier for perfumes and essential oils. Its popularity rests with the fact that it is odorless, colorless, and non-toxic. Propylene glycol molecules bind with those of perfume oils which slows its dispersion rate. This can be worked by controlling the glycol’s ratio to dilute or strengthen the fragrance. What’s more, dipropylene glycol is very easy to use and can be handled by home perfume makers or by commercial formulators alike.

There are two types of propylene glycol: the industrial and the fragrance grade. Choose the latter because it is the only grade appropriate for skin and cosmetics use. It is noncomedogenic, making it suitable for people with sensitive skin. Ideally, the ratio of perfume base for essential oils to dipropylene glycol is 3:7.

Ingredients and Materials:

1 oz. essential oil/s of choice

2 ¼ oz. dipropylene glycol, fragrance grade

¼ oz. vodka or perfumer’s alcohol

4 oz. amber or opaque glass bottle, airtight


Mix the essential oils, dipropylene glycol, and perfumer’s alcohol or vodka in a beaker. Stir well until mixture is well blended. Pour into the amber bottle until almost filled and close tightly. Shake the bottle gently and overturn it at least ten times to ensure thorough mixture of the ingredients. Then store the
bottle in a cool, dark place for a month or longer. This curing period ensures that the perfume will get a strong scent and that all the elements will blend well. After the curing period, perfume base is ready to be diluted with perfumer’s alcohol as eau de toilette, or mixed in formulations of massage oils, lotions, and incenses.



Thursday, May 26, 2011

A Monograph on Dipropylene Glycol

Dipropylene glycol (DPG) is a colorless and odorless compound, composing of three isomeric chemical compounds: 4-oxa-2,6-heptandiol, 2-(2-hydroxy-propoxy)-propan-1-ol, and 2-(2-hydroxy-1-methyl-ethoxy)-propan-1-ol. Having a chemical formula of C6H14O3, dipropylene glycol has a molar mass of 134.173 g/mol and a CAS number of 25265-71-8. DPG’s official IUPAC names are 4-oxa-2,6-heptandiol and 4-oxa-1,7-heptandiol.

Dipropylene glycol has a boiling point of 230.5°C and a melting point of 46°-48°C. It has a density of 1.0206 a/cm3 (20°C), a vapor density of 4.63 (air=1), and a vapor pressure of 0.1 mmHg (20°C). DPG is soluble in water and ethanol while insoluble with ether and benzene.

DPG is a chemical intermediate for a lot of industrial applications. It is either sold as regular grade or as lo+. The regular variant is a popular plasticizer, reactant for unsaturated polyurethane resins to add flexibility and hydrolytic stability, initiator for urethane polyols, and reactive diluent for radiation-
cured resins and coating to decrease viscosity and enable easy application. Dipropylene glycol is also an additive for hydraulic brake fluid formulations, cutting oils, textile lubricants, printing inks, coatings, industrial soaps, and agricultural solvents.

However, the LO+ variant is a highly pure product for odor-sensitive applications like cosmetics and perfumes. This odorless dipropylene glycol is distilled with a purity of greater than 99.5 percent. It is an ideal solvent for perfumes, colognes, lotions and body creams, deodorants, shampoos, shaving creams, and bath gels.

All information were sourced from Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dipropylene_glycol), the University of Akron chemical database (http://ull.chemistry.uakron.edu/erd/Chemicals/8000/7347.html), and Dow® Chemicals (http://www.dow.com/propyleneglycol/products/dipropylene_regular.htm). 

Visit these websites for more details.

Thursday, May 19, 2011

DiPropylene Glycol Uses

How to Make Reed Diffusers
Add 6 parts Dipropylene glycol to 4 parts essential oil.

Dipropylene glycol is a byproduct of the propylene glycol. It works well as a solvent of essential and commonly used with fragrance oils. Dipropylene glycol is not acutely toxic by oral, dermal, or inhalation exposure. It is also a common ingredient in commercial fog fluid, used in entertainment industry smoke and haze machines.

How to Make Square Reed Diffuser with Citrus Recipe

1) Add 1/2 cup plus 2 Tablespoons Dipropylene Glycol
2) Add 1/4 cup Lime Essential Oil
3) Add 1 Tablespoon Litsea Essential Oil
4) Add 3 Tablespoons Orange 5 Fold Essential Oil
5) Pour into Square Diffuser Bottle
6) Add reeds and use.

How to Make Round Reed Diffuser with Well Being Essential Oil Blend

1) Add 1/2 cup Dipropylene Glycol
2) Add /4 cup plus
3) Add 3 Tablespoons of Well-Being Essential Oil Blend

How to Make Cedar Oil

If you want to clean your house with natural products, try this formula.  By adding natural essential oils into the solutions to will add natural fragrances through out your home.

1)  Add 2 oz. of cedar wood oil into the bottle through a funnel
2)  Add 1 oz. of balsam fir essential oil into the bottle
3)  Add 4 oz. of dipropylene glycol into the bottle
4)  Mix well or shake.

Thursday, April 28, 2011

DiPropylene Glycol Uses: Make your own Deodorant

DPG or otherwise know as Dipropylene glycol is a fragrance fixative as well as a humectant. DPG ingredient will keep your fragrance around all day. PG otherwise known as Propylene glycol can be used in place of DPG if you do not have it.

Items needed, 80% dipropylene glycol, 8% sodium stearate, 6% witch hazel, 2% aloe vera extract, 2% turkey red oil (sulfonated castor oil - emulsifier), 1% essential or fragrance oil, 1% polysorbate 20

1) Weigh the dipropylene glycol and sodium stearate in a heatproof container
2) Heat until the sodium stearate is melted.
3) Add the witch hazel, aloe vera, and turkey red oil (optional) and mix until fully blended.
4) Mix the polysorbate 20 and essential or fragrance oil in a small container, and add it to the mixture after you remove it from the heat.
5) Pour into a deodorant container and let sit until solid. 

You can try different fragrances such as, tea oil tree or green bamboo fragrance oil.
Polysorbate 20 will make it sticky, so you will need to add a detackifier and glide enhancer!  Try a PEG or Crodamol PMP at 2% in place of the turkey red oil. Tinosan at 0.3% twill offer some anti-bacterial and preserving properties.  Also, Polysorbate 20 in the mix as the water soluble ester will help solubilize the fragrance oil.

One suggestion is including 2% Iamolin in place of water.  It is water soluble ester and to add some emolliency. If you don't have witch hazel or aloe vera substitute hydrosol, alcohol, or water.